Ecosystem types: A systematic review on boundaries and goals – studies the relations between different types of ecosystems (business, innovation, entrepreneurship and knowledge). It offers the following areas for future research:
- Role of external environment of the ecosystem
- Indicators and dimensions to measure performance
- New research methods and designs to study ecosystems
- Take other useful theories to apply in ecosystems
A framework and databases for measuring entrepreneurial ecosystems – explores different databases and how they can provide insights into the various roles of the government in ecosystems. Namely, these four roles are: catalyst (develops human capital and promotes tech venture creation), coordinator (drives and boosts outputs of ventures), certifier (validates the technical and commercial merits of ventures’ outputs) and customer (procures the outputs from ventures).
Ecosystems transformation through disruptive innovation: A definition, framework and outline for future research – explores the processes through which ecosystems transform. They highlight four interlinking phases: (1) the presence of transformational forces such as technology development and changes in customer behaviors, (2) strategic opportunity identification from the different actors, (3) value alignment across actors including providers, creators and users, and (4) ecosystem revitalization through both capability enhancing and destroying.
The emergence of entrepreneurial ecosystems based on enabling technologies: Evidence from synthetic biology – explores the synbio space, looking at the emerging sub-ecosystems within: pharmaceuticals, hardware, smart factories, smart cities, waste management, foodstuffs, and consumer goods. It also identifies the barriers that must be overcome by ecosystems based on such enabling technologies: how to manage IP considering the complex interactions across actors, how to manage the different clock speeds across quintuple helix actors and how to manage the ethical challenges in such a fast-moving technology.